Over spring break 12 students presented their research at the 86th Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association in Philadelphia, PA.
BRITTANY WINDUS, HANNAH MCGRATH: DELAY DISCOUNTING AS AN OVERLAPPING COGNITIVE MECHANISM OF DEPRESSION AND OBESITY*
This study tested the extent to which “self-control,” measured using a delay to gratification (DTG) task is co-related to BMI and Depression diagnostic thresholds. Participants completed a DTG task by choosing between one small immediate reward and one successively larger delayed reward with indifference points calculated; BMI, HAMD, and sex were also recorded. Results suggest that reduced cognitive affective self-control for impulsive food choices may be a shared cognitive mechanism for depression and obesity.
ELIZABETH DICKINSON: SELF-CONTROL VARIES BY EATING ATTITUDES, SEX, AND FOOD TYPE AMONG DIVISION I COLLEGIATE ATHLETES*
This study tested how disordered eating attitudes and sex of collegiate athletes are related to “self control” of food choice. 102 athletes completed a delay to gratification (DTG) task by choosing between one small immediate reward and one successively larger delayed reward with indifference points calculated. Results showed that female athletes had greater self-control than male athletes for high-calorie and sweet-tasting foods; for males, those with higher disordered eating attitudes had greater self-control.
KAYLA CUIFOLO, QUENTIN KING-SHEPARD: EFFECTS OF USING FOODS AND FOOD IMAGES TO ENHANCE POSITIVE MOOD.*
The hypothesis that eating a small portion of food will sustain a positive mood increase after viewing foods/food images was tested. Mood was measured at baseline, 5-min, and 10-min while participants viewed a food or an image of a food. Results showed positive mood change in all groups at 5-min. For groups who viewed an actual food, only when participants were allowed to eat a small portion at 5-min did mood remain positive at 10-min.
CAITLIN J BROWN: EMOLABELING AS A STRATEGY TO EFFECTIVELY REDUCE THE INFLUENCE OF MISLEADING LABELING ON NUTRITION LABELS*
A counterbalanced within-subjects experimental design was used to test if emolabeling, the use of emoticons to convey health information, will protect consumers against misleading labeling. Grocery store shoppers were shown nutrition labels for a low and high calorie food with/without emolabels, and with/without a misleading label. Results show that emolabels reduced the effectiveness of misleading labels: participants rated the LC food as healthier and the HC food as less healthy when emolabels were added.
TIMOTHY PARKS, MONICA YALAMANCHILI: EFFECTS OF PRESSURE ON RETRIEVAL PRACTICE: USING LEADERBOARDS TO INDUCE PRESSURE+
Retrieval practice is a powerful way to improve memory. However, little is known about the effects of pressure on retrieval practice and long-term retention. In this experiment subjects were placed on a leaderboard after recall to induce pressure during retrieval practice. Their anxiety was measured after retrieval and their long-term retention was measured via a final recall test two days later.
AUDREY JEANNE MOORADIAN, TIMOTHY PARKS: HOW DOES PRESSURE AFFECT RETRIEVAL PRACTICE?+
Repeated testing improves later retention, a phenomenon called the Testing Effect. It is often recommended that teachers test frequently. However, frequent testing in the classroom may lead to increased pressure and anxiety, which have been found tonegatively affect performance. In this experiment we manipulated pressure during repeated testing and examined its effects on final recall. While the pressure conditions performed better on average, the difference was not significant. Pressure did not negatively affect performance.
CHRISTOPHER RUSSO: CAN CLOSENESS ESTABLISHED EXPERIMENTALLY IMPACT FRIENDSHIP DEVELOPMENT AND HOMESICKNESS**
Using Aron, et al. (1997) manipulation of interpersonal closeness, the present research examined the impact of experimentally induced closeness (high vs. low) between two unacquainted college classmates (n = 32) on feelings of closeness and homesickness both immediately following the manipulation and approximately one month later. Participants in the high closeness condition reported feeling significantly closer to their partner immediately following the manipulation. No other significant effects resulted.
MONICA YALAMANCHILI: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACADEMIC ENTITLEMENT AND FORGIVENESS++
Academic Entitlement (AE) has been found to be moderately correlated with narcissism. Mixed results indicate a generally negative correlation between narcissism and forgiveness. The current study investigated the relationship between AE and forgiveness. Three types of forgiveness were measured: others, situation, and self. Hypotheses predicted negative correlations between AE and forgiveness of others and situation and a positive correlation for forgiveness of self. Results indicate a negative correlation.
CASSANDRA FEARING, BRIELLE CORNELIUS, AMY ROEMER : PROMOTION OF EDIBLE INSECT EATING THROUGH NORM MANIPULATION AND MODELING**
The present study examined the impact of norms (injunctive vs. descriptive) and model (present vs. absent) on college students (n = 52) willingness to try cookie pieces made with insect flour and attitudes toward eating insects. College students in the injunctive norm model present condition ate significantly more cookie pieces than participants in any of the other groups. Students in the injunctive (vs. descriptive) norm condition expressed significantly more positive attitudes toward eating insects.
PAIGE GIAMMUSSO, FARIS ZURAIKAT: ATTITUDES TOWARD CHEATING: THE RELATIONSHIP WITH ACADEMIC ENTITLEMENT++
Prior research has found relationships between narcissism and academic dishonesty. More recent research supports a moderate relationship between academic entitlement (AE) and narcissism. The current study predicted a relationship between AE and attitudes regarding academic dishonesty. Correlational analyses indicated that higher levels of AE were related to having more ‘permissive’ or positive views of what defines cheating. This finding provides important insight into the relationship between attitudes toward cheating and personality.
GREGORY BYRNE, KATHRYN WINTERBURN: AN INVESTIGATION OF COLLEGE STUDENTS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS TATTOOED MODELS.**
We examined how college students’ (n = 53 ) attitudes regarding a model’s ability to serve as a representative for their university were impacted by the presence of a tattoo. Participants viewed photos of 8 students, which include the target, a female college student, shown either with or without a tattoo, and asked to rate each photo on several dimensions. The target without the tattoo was rated as a significantly more desirable representative of the university.
*Under the direction of Dr. Gregory Privitera
+Under the direction of Dr. Althea Bauernschmidt
**Under the direction of Dr. Robin Valeri
++Under the direction of Dr. Stephanie Vogel